Publié le 17 juin 2015 à 12h46 | Mis à jour le 17 juin 2015 à 12h46
Ayurveda: «the science of life» demystified
Ayurveda was collected as a university medical corpus 100 years ago. In India, doctors are trained in this discipline as in any other specialization; It is mainly provided by therapists in alternative medicine.
PHOTOMONTAGE THE PRESS
This medical system, the oldest of mankind, is a therapy that emphasizes the lifestyle and emphasizes the preventive as well as the curative aspect. It is often presented as the mother of all other medicines, a global way of living. It is not surprising that the word "science of life" in Sanskrit means the language in which the treatises of this medicine are codified.
Still uncommon among Western patients, it is adopted by two-thirds of Indians for the treatment of their primary health care. This therapeutic practice was collected in the form of a university medical corpus 100 years ago. In India, doctors are trained in this discipline as in any other specialization; It is mainly provided by therapists in alternative medicine.
ON WHICH PRINCIPLES IS THIS MEDECINE BASED?
According to Ayurveda, the human body, like nature, is composed of five elements: earth, water, fire, air and ether. These five elements are represented in humans in the form of three types of physical and mental constitutions - doshas in the Sanskrit language - which bear the name kapha, pitta, vata.
The goal is to find the balanced union of body, senses, mind and consciousness according to our dosha. When one comes to squarely become one with the elements, the balance of our nature is respected; Our health is preserved.
"It's like setting up a security guard in the house to prevent intruders from entering, instead of eliminating them by resorting to means that could in turn attack the house and its inhabitant . "
- Saji Kumar, Doctor in Ayurveda for 20 years in South India
HOW DOES IT WORK ?
Ayurveda is a comprehensive method of diagnosis and treatment which is distinguished by the fact that it offers a personalized health program according to the dosha of each one. It is not enough to target the symptom. The Ayurvedic physician or therapist wants to understand the source and attempt to eliminate the imbalance through dietary and lifestyle changes, through detoxification or phytotherapy, through yoga and meditation.
Une stratégie de guérison ayurvédique peut être utilisée comme approche principale ou en traitement complémentaire à un traitement moderne, explique Vaidya Hemant Gupta, qui a étudié la médecine ayurvédique pendant 10 ans en Inde. Il l'enseigne et la pratique au Canada depuis bon nombre d'années.
IS IT A PHILOSOPHY OR A SCIENCE ?
Its foundations are philosophical, but its application is scientific. "The diagnosis is still validated on the basis of modern medicine," says Dr. Kumar. The questions asked to arrive at a diagnosis are the same as in scientific medicine, but the answers are different.
Treatment preaches prevention and its only philosophy, if any, is that we have a responsibility to keep ourselves healthy and heal without hope for a miracle medicine that guarantees a magic pill.
IS IT EFFECTIVE TO TREAT SERIOUS DISEASES AS CANCER ?
According to the Ayurvedic vision, one does not become ill because one has cancer, one develops cancer because our body is sick. It is a symptom of the organism that is wasting away and has systemic problems. The cancer would settle in acid ground and would be conditioned by different types of stresses or toxicological, environmental, genetic or radiological causes. In these cases, Ayurveda approaches therapy comprehensively and integrates the use of plants with antitumor effects that attack and reduce tumor growth.
This treatment relies on the belief that certain plants can prevent recurrence by placing much emphasis on the recovery and fortification of the nervous system. These techniques are rare and mastered by few Ayurvedic practitioners.
HOW DOES AN AYURVEDIC CONSULTATION WORK ?
A consultation begins with the evaluation of our dosha on the basis of a complete physiological and psychological examination, such as observation of the skin, tongue, nails and eyes, auscultating the lungs and pulse. Sometimes blood and urine tests will be done, and medical history will also be examined. Thereafter, the practitioner will be able to determine the imbalance or imbalances, if any, and provide advice and care according to a personalized plan.
WHAT TO EXPECT IN TERMS OF TREATMENT ?
Treatment is usually done in three parts. Although several modern doctors refute the idea of toxins, purifying the body is an important step in ayurveda. After treating the doshas from the inside with a series of detoxifying actions called panchakarma, the body is ready to receive targeted treatment.
"Why decorate the house if you have not cleaned up?" - Dr. Vaidya Hemant Gupta
Then a medication can be administered. It will consist of spices, aromatic herbs, barks and medicinal plants, or minerals which have been the object of convincing studies. This ancient method is increasingly being synthesized by companies that transform and make the pharmacopoeia more accessible.
Ultimately, in many cases, patients will be able to regain their health simply by changing their habits, and this often begins in the kitchen, in bed or in the toilet.
Dr. Gupta believes that adjusting the sleep cycle, diet, regularity of elimination, or the type, frequency and intensity of physical activity of patients may be key . Sometimes it will simply suggest eating less spicy, drinking hot water frequently or getting up earlier.
In Ayurveda, the path to wellness does not just involve visiting the doctor's office or the pharmacy. There are four pillars in the success of a treatment: the patient, the practitioner, the health system around them and, ultimately, the drugs. One of the principles is also to remember to follow his diet and routine 80% of the time and have fun the rest of the time.
From the hamlet to the condo
A legend tells that at the time when India was made up of hamlets in mountains, sages saw the exodus to the villages and towns. They anticipated that the human was going to get sick because of the stress associated with this denser environment. They would have created ayurveda so that the modern human can guard against it.
Thousands of years later, the fable seems to turn out. According to the Mind / Body Medical Institute at Harvard University, about 80% of medical consultations are related to stress.
"Our nervous system has become hyper-solicited. In Ayurveda, there are treatments to temper the energetic energies in which we live, "according to Jonathan Léger Raymond, herbalist and naturopath, behind Ayurvéda Revolution, a web platform of references and teachings on Ayurveda.
Yet it is difficult to conceive that Indian ancestral medicine can be suitable for our urban societies and our modern era.
"It is not enough to copy and paste ancestral precepts and the rigid hygienic protocol that define the perfect yogi, but rather to adapt them to the way of life of each according to its constitution and environment." - Jonathan Léger Raymond Herbalist and naturopath
The herbalist advocates an Ayurveda to be practiced throughout the world and at all times, an ayurveda which, if one believes in its principles, is not a matter of traditions, but of the laws of nature. Universal principles, according to those who adhere to it.
« IT WOULD NEED ONLY A FEW STUDIES »
In India, one also believes in the scope of this medicine. Dr. Kumar, who practices in southern India - the cradle of Ayurveda where he is still diligently preserved, taught and used - is thrilled to see the West integrate it into everyday life. According to him, "it would take only a few studies to target the adjustments allowing to implement it according to the seasons and the climate and especially to ensure the supply of natural resources for the pharmacopoeia or its replication according to the local flora". Based on yoga craze in recent years and how it has been adapted to our context, needs and lifestyle, we can predict a thriving future for Ayurvedic medicine.
Born with a congenital malformation of the spinal cord, Claude, 30, suffered from severe lower back and abdominal pain which, despite the medication, rotted his life. Side effects became very heavy, and Western doctors were short of resources. His researcher's reflexes prompted him to plunge into a sea of readings that led him to Ayurveda. Ready to go to India to begin palliative treatments, he was delighted to meet therapists in Montreal. A comprehensive approach including herbs, oils and, above all, marma massages greatly reduced her suffering, from the very first care.
"I would give my life to relive the day after my first treatment. Over the past year, the level of my quality of life has gone from 2 in 10 to 7 out of 10, and I continue. My doctors are studying and researching to scientifically quantify the effects of my treatment. "
Marie-Jo Ouimet, a family physician in Montreal, has always been very critical of the medicine practiced in the West. She has always been interested in the knowledge of traditional healers encountered during her travels. During a period of stress, she turned to Ayurveda for treatment. She can not prove scientifically that this is what has cured her but is convinced that this millennial practice has proved its worth.
"I am sometimes afraid of modern medicines prescribed and I would be inclined to turn to such a medicine in the case of chronic pain, for example. I do not want to, because the patients I meet are mainly destitute and can not be cured by Ayurveda since it is not covered by the Health Insurance Board. "
Ieva Aleknaite, a Lithuanian living in Denmark, discovered Ayurveda during a stay in India for yoga training. She wanted an alternative opinion on the causes and treatments of her allergies, frequent headaches and neck and back tensions. Diagnosis of the physician encountered: certain foods would cause his headaches. In addition to vague nutritional advice and a prescription, she received herbaceous massages and others with sachets filled with rice paste and milk. Greatly satisfied with these for their relaxing and energizing effect, she always confesses to suffer from her allergies, and her back pain have not diminished. The 28-year-old yogi remains open to Ayurvedic treatments in general, relaxants in particular, but has not been impressed by the effects of the pharmacopoeia.
Ayurveda at the University
A simple observation around you may suggest a growing popularity of alternative medicine for the past 12 years. Yet, in the one-on-one relationship between physician and patient, there are still ways to glimpse illness and healing depending on the degree of openness of both.
While in the West, modern medicine based on scientific evidence predominates, many doctors have a personal curiosity about Ayurvedic medicine, but are reluctant to risk their integration into their therapeutic arsenal.
"This is not medicine in the traditional sense, and we ask doctors to practice traditional medicine according to current scientific standards and based on serious and up-to-date studies, On the side of the Collège des médecins du Québec.
This college article represents "a paranoid sword of Damocles", according to Samuel Blain, family physician and promoter of the Mauricie-Center-du-Québec integrative health network.
"As long as these [alternative] practices are not recognized from a medical standpoint, they will not be used." - Dr. Samuel Blain
He who is already giving traditional medicine workshops to young doctors at the Université du Québec à Trois-Rivières wants to move education forward so that doctors feel more confident about performing Ayurvedic acts or referring their patients to Specialized therapists.
« IT WILL SOON CHANGE »
Meanwhile, herbalist and naturopath Jonathan Léger Raymond confirms that, as of the fall, he will teach his discipline at the Université de Montréal as part of a program aimed at future health professionals. "The time is not far away," says Dr. Gupta, who practices in Ottawa. He notes that Western doctors are already proposing changes in lifestyle and the inclusion of garlic, ginger or turmeric in the diet without even associating them with Indian medicine.
Who knows, after our next medical consultation, we may go to the grocery store rather than the pharmacy, order in hand.